Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis which affects the spinal cord and sacroiliac joints. Patients with ankylosing spondylitis experience pain and stiffness in lower back as well as in middle part of spine, knees, heels, hips, neck, shoulder and jaw. There may be involvement of other organs such as kidneys, lungs, eyes and heart. Hence, when your diagnosis is ankylosing spondylitis, you should immediately seek the treatment. Treatment for ankylosing spondylitis includes various options such as medications, exercise and physiotherapy.
The goal of treatment for ankylosing spondylitis is to relive pain, manage the symptoms and to prevent further progress of the disease. The medications used for the treatment for ankylosing spondylitis include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like tolmetin (Tolectin), naproxen (Naprosyn) and indomethacin (Indocin), immunosuppressant drugs like sulfasalazine and methotrexate, TNF-blockers such as infliximab (Remicade) and etanercept (Enbrel), disease-modifying drugs including leflunomide and methotrexate and corticosteroids. These medications effective relieve pain and reduce inflammation. However, they may have some dangerous side-effects. Hence, many people prefer alternative and complementary treatment measures such as exercise, physiotherapy, acupuncture, therapeutic massage and yoga.
Symptoms and Signs
The different symptoms are:
- Chronic pain, inflammation and stiffness in the lower part of the spine.
- Ankylosing spondylitis is associated with an inflammation of eyes.
- Feeling of fatigue.
- Lung fibrosis may occur.
- Functional mobility limited.
- Chest expansion problem
- Loss of appetite.
- Weight loss in the initial stage
- Bowel inflammation.
- Joint pain
- Neck pain
- Heel pain
Exact cause of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown, yet some factors are narrated here:
- Ankylosing spondylitis is likely to be genetically inherited.
- A gene called HLA-B 27 is associated with ankylosing spondylitis.
- Prolong stressful condition may triggered it.
The lists of diagnostic tests are:
- Blood Tests
- Medical history
- Physical examination
- Spinal rigidity
- Redness and swelling of eyes-Uveitis
- Osteoporosis-weak and brittle.
- Spinal fracture
- Cardiovascular disease
- Neurological problems
- Pulmonary disease
- Inflammation in the bowel
- Difficulty walking
- Breathing Problem